Difference between revisions of "Zabbix"

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if you want multiple keys, use jsonpath like  
if you want multiple keys, use jsonpath like  
  $[?(@.share=='{#FSTYPE}' && @.name=='{#NAME}')].size.first()
  $[?(@.share=='{#FSTYPE}' && @.name=='{#NAME}')].size.first()
===testing jsonpath preprocessing===
In Value paste valid json, then name {#NAME} value somevalue


== Test trapper ==
== Test trapper ==

Latest revision as of 15:14, 12 September 2022

Links

Installation

Installing Zabbix from git

git clone https://github.com/zabbix/zabbix.git
cd zabbix 
./bootstrap.sh


Zabbix API


 

Zabbix error codes

Z3005

Database issue

Items

Item dialog

Units

  • B
  • uptime
  • unixtime
  • s

proc.mem

proc.mem[<name>,<user>,<mode>,<cmdline>,<memtype>]

name

??

cmdline

regex like php-fpm:

memtype

Templates

Template App MySQL

https://github.com/tiramiseb/zabbix-templates/blob/master/Template%20App%20MySQL.txt TODO shouldn't this be user zabbix?

mysql user account:

create user 'monitor'@'localhost' identified by auth_socket;
grant PROCESS,SHOW DATABASES,SHOW VIEW on *.* to 'monitor'@'localhost';
flush privileges;

Configuration

Zabbix agent active

On client

Have port 10051 open and:

ActiveServer zabbix.ser.ver

On server

Set Agent IP to 0.0.0.0

 

Zabbix and SQL

Find hosts with hostmacro defined

select h.host, m.macro, m.value from hosts h, hostmacro m where macro like '%FOO%' and h.hostid = m.hostid;


most frequent items in history_uint

select itemid,count(itemid) as freq from history_uint group by itemid order by freq desc limit 5;

and then

select name from items where itemid = whateveryoufind;

HOWTO

LLD with JSON

if you want multiple keys, use jsonpath like

$[?(@.share=='{#FSTYPE}' && @.name=='{#NAME}')].size.first()

testing jsonpath preprocessing

In Value paste valid json, then name {#NAME} value somevalue

Test trapper

FAQ

SERVER

Adjust loglevel

zabbix_server --runtime-control log_level_increase=trapper
      

 

Reload zabbix server configuration

You can't, but you might want

zabbix_server -c /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf -R config_cache_reload

 

No media defined for user

The frontend does not match Zabbix database.

Probably version conflict between frontend and server

 

value cache working in low memory mode

Increase ValueCacheSize

 

 

PROXY

Zabbix Proxy

Front end

Visable name vs hostname

Visible name: {HOST.NAME}

Hostname: {HOST.HOST}

Host IP: (as defined in Interface->IP/DNS) {HOST.CONN}

 

Acknowledge multiple items

Monitor->Problems apply filters, select all, mass update

 

No permissions to referred object or it does not exist!

Graph no longer exists. Probably items no longer discovered

Cannot add host

??

SNMP

Cannot find host interface on "xxxhost" for item key foo

Might mean you're trying to import an SNMP template before configuring SNMP for the host

 

 

No SNMP data

snmp_parse_oid(): cannot parse OID "IF-MIB::ifSpeed.3

Agent side ping check

UserParameter=pingtime[*],fping -e $1|sed 's/^.*(\([0-9].*\) ms).*$/\1/g'
UserParameter=pingalive[*],fping $1|grep -q alive;echo $?

 

 


LLD/Discovery

Discover: value must be a JSON object

Could mean you need to escape slashes, check output with zabbix_get


Cannot create item: item with the same key

make sure the key containts "{#MACRONAME}"

Discovery data example

Output of a discovery script should look like:

{"data":[
  {"{#VAR1}":"value11","#{VAR2":"value12"},
  {"{#VAR1}":"value21","#{VAR2":"value22"}
]}



IPMI

IPMI Monitoring account for zabbix

https://www.thomas-krenn.com/en/wiki/Configuring_IPMI_under_Linux_using_ipmitool

ipmitool user set name 3 monitor
ipmitool user set password 3
ipmitool channel setaccess 1 3 link=on ipmi=on callin=on privilege=2
ipmitool user enable 3

cannot connect to IPMI host: [22] Operation canceled

Usually temporary because of broken ipmi lib, ignore it

 

cannot connect to IPMI host: [16777411] Unknown error 16777411

classic, probably authentication problem

cannot connect to IPMI host: [22] Invalid argument

zabbix_sender

processed: 0; failed: 1

Possible causes:

  • incorrect hostname
  • incorrect item key
  • item not in the server configuration cache yet
  • Allowed hosts in trapper item
  • phase of moon
  • aliens

 

Testing zabbix_sender

zabbix_sender stuff

Filters

The regular expressions referred to in discovery are found under Administration->General, and then "Regular expressions" in the dropdown at top right of the page

cannot connect to IPMI host: [125] Operation canceled

possibly authentication method issue


 

Calculated items

See Calculated items explained

Cannot create item: Invalid first parameter

Cannot create item, error in formula

Problably a calculated item, try doublequoting the item key:

last("foo[bar]")

 

Install recent zabbix on CentOS/RHEL

rpm -ivh https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/3.4/rhel/7/x86_64/zabbix-release-3.4-2.el7.noarch.rpm
yum install zabbix-agent


Backing up tables

https://www.zabbix.org/wiki/Docs/howto/mysql_backup_script

 

cannot send list of active checks

If in agent log: most likely ServerActive is defined in agent config, while not used at all

It is also possible agent is sending some active check to server while host is monitored via proxy.

active check configuration update started to fail

??

Latest 20 issues

DEFAULT_LATEST_ISSUES_CNT in/usr/share/zabbix/include/defines.inc.php

 

Zabbix unreachable poller processes more than 75% busy

Increase StartPollersUnreachable

 

Zabbix poller processes more than 75% busy

another mystery

More than 100 items having missing data for more than 10 minutes

Could be high load. Also check Administration->Queue

Zabbix escalator processes more than 75% busy

probably high system load overall

Check agent

zabbix_get -s my.host.com -k agent.version

ZBX_NOTSUPPORTED

Could be anything, enable logging on agent. It could be version mismatch. Check

zabbix_get -s yourhost -k agent.version

If that works, you're calling for an undefined or unsupported key.

Incorrect trigger expression. Host "xx" does not exist or you have no access to this host.

Means there's no related item.

zabbix_get returns nothing

best look at log on agent side

run playbook on single host

ansible_playbook -l somehost somplay.yml

Category:Monitoring

 

Zabbix server is not running: the information displayed may not be current

Might be selinux: http://sysads.co.uk/2013/11/zabbix-server-running-alert/

 

 

 

Monitoring vmware

vmware.hv.cpu.usage[{$URL},{HOST.HOST}]" became not supported: Couldn't resolve host name

Set macro {$URL} to https://your.ip/sdk/ (shouldn't discovery figure that out from {$HOST} ?
      

Couldn't resolve host name

Sometimes it's a matter of waiting a few hours

 

vmware events collector returned empty result

???

No "vmware collector" processes started.

Check StartVMwareCollectors on server or proxy

 

unsupported item key

This might mean it's expecting a value from the script you're calling.

echo 1

became not supported: Not supported by Zabbix Agent

probably output by userparameter/script

ansible or API not showing host groups

Permissions!! See Administration->User Groups

 

failed to update local proxy configuration copy: invalid field name "items.lastlogsize"

check everything :)

Received value [11] is not suitable for value type [Numeric (unsigned)] and data type [Decimal]

This probably means the agent returned 1\n1

 

database is down: retrying in 10 seconds

try upping max_connections

[Incorrect key file for table 'items'; try to repair it

Could be something /tmp related

 

 

another network error, wait for 8 seconds

UnreachableDelay=8

 

failed: first network error

Setting Timeout in server configuration

also Timeout in agents?

 

no active checks on server

  • Hostname in agent config must match name on server
  • simple no connection possible? firewall?

???

 

 

show cpu utilization

Monitoring->host->graphs

fuzzytime on command line

TS=lotsofseconds
  1. output in hours
echo $(( ($(date +%s) - $TS) / 3600 ))