Difference between revisions of "Ssh"

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= FAQ =
=HOWTO=
 
==ssh multiplexing==
https://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/linux-unix-reuse-openssh-connection
 
== remember key passphrase ==
 
ssh-agent bash
ssh-add ~/.ssh/id_rsa
 
== root access from single host ==
 
Match Address 192.168.1.100
        PermitRootLogin yes
 
== multihop tunnel ==
 
ssh -A -t -l user jump-host \
-L 8080:localhost:8080 \
ssh -A -t -l user webserver.dmz \
-L 8080:localhost:8080
 
OR
in .ssh/config define
Host targethost
ProxyCommand ssh jumphost -W %h:%p
and then just
ssh -L 1234:<LAN address>:<port> targethost
 
== SSH tunnel with putty ==
 
[https://www.skyverge.com/blog/how-to-set-up-an-ssh-tunnel-with-putty/ https://www.skyverge.com/blog/how-to-set-up-an-ssh-tunnel-with-putty/]
 
== Failed publickey ==
 
*acccess rights?
 
== 14: No supported authentication methods available [preauth] ==
 
Putty not configured to look at correct private key?
 
&nbsp;
 
== chrooted sftp ==
== chrooted sftp ==


Line 103: Line 61:


&nbsp;
&nbsp;
= FAQ =
==Server side==
===key type ssh-rsa not in PubkeyAcceptedAlgorithms===
PubkeyAcceptedKeyTypes +ssh-rsa
==ssh multiplexing==
https://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/linux-unix-reuse-openssh-connection
== remember key passphrase ==
ssh-agent bash
ssh-add ~/.ssh/id_rsa
== root access from single host ==
Match Address 192.168.1.100
        PermitRootLogin yes
== multihop tunnel ==
ssh -A -t -l user jump-host \
-L 8080:localhost:8080 \
ssh -A -t -l user webserver.dmz \
-L 8080:localhost:8080
OR
in .ssh/config define
Host targethost
ProxyCommand ssh jumphost -W %h:%p
and then just
ssh -L 1234:<LAN address>:<port> targethost
== SSH tunnel with putty ==
[https://www.skyverge.com/blog/how-to-set-up-an-ssh-tunnel-with-putty/ https://www.skyverge.com/blog/how-to-set-up-an-ssh-tunnel-with-putty/]
== Failed publickey ==
*acccess rights?
== 14: No supported authentication methods available [preauth] ==
Putty not configured to look at correct private key?
&nbsp;


=== bind Cannot assign requested address ===
=== bind Cannot assign requested address ===
Line 111: Line 118:


passing old cipher, like -o arcfour??
passing old cipher, like -o arcfour??
==no matching host key type found==
if that comes after 'rsa' try
PubkeyAcceptedKeyTypes=+ssh-rsa
in .ssh/config


== rsync only as root ==
== rsync only as root ==
Line 127: Line 139:


== Reverse tunnel with autossh ==
== Reverse tunnel with autossh ==
 
# https://superuser.com/questions/37738/how-to-reliably-keep-an-ssh-tunnel-open
  autossh -M 0 -o "ServerAliveInterval 30" -o "ServerAliveCountMax 3" -fgNR :10023:localhost:22 the.server
  autossh -M 0 -o "ServerAliveInterval 30" -o "ServerAliveCountMax 3" -fgNR :10023:localhost:22 the.server


Line 136: Line 148:
to allow connecting to 10023 from outside
to allow connecting to 10023 from outside


  == ssh require both key and user password ==
As systemd service:
In /etc/systemd/system/sshtunnel.service
   
[Unit]
Description=SSH Tunnel
After=network.target
 
[Service]
Restart=always
RestartSec=20
User=root
ExecStart=/bin/ssh -o ServerAliveInterval=30 -o ServerAliveCountMax=6 -gNR :10023:localhost:22 user@ssh.example.com
 
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
 
==The RSA host key for host has changed==
If you're migrating to a new server: copy /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key* to the new server
 
 
== ssh require both key and user password ==
  In sshd_config
  In sshd_config
   AuthenticationMethods "publickey,password"
   AuthenticationMethods "publickey,password"
  # do not just set to no!
  # do not just set to no!
  #PasswordAuthentication yes
  #PasswordAuthentication yes


== add your key to remote authorized_keys ==
== add your key to remote authorized_keys ==
Line 147: Line 178:
or, if not installed:
or, if not installed:
  cat ~/.ssh/rsa_pub.id | ssh remotehost "cat >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys"
  cat ~/.ssh/rsa_pub.id | ssh remotehost "cat >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys"
== Show key fingerprint ==
ssh-keygen -lf /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key.pub
== SSH Client side ==
===no matching key exchange method found. Their offer: diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha1,diffie-hellman-group14-sha1,diffie-hellman-group1-sha1===
===kex_exchange_identification: banner line contains invalid characters===
Sure you're talking to an ssh service?

Latest revision as of 12:39, 4 November 2022

Links



HOWTO

chrooted sftp

Homedir as defined in /etc/passwd /home/someuser

chmod 755 /home/someuser
chown root.root /home/someuser

And then create writable dir for user:

mkdir /home/someuser/downloads
chown someuser.someuser /home/someuser/downloads

 

Subsystem sftp internal-sftp

Per group:

/etc/ssh/sshd_config

 Match Group sftponly
   ChrootDirectory %h
   ForceCommand internal-sftp
   AllowTcpForwarding no
   PermitTunnel no
   X11Forwarding no
 #Remember this one to close Match block!
 Match all

Per user:

 Match User username
   ChrootDirectory %h
   ForceCommand internal-sftp
   AllowTcpForwarding no
   PermitTunnel no
   X11Forwarding no
 #Remember this one to close Match block!
 Match all

The ChrootDirectory must be owned by root.root with permissons 755. If you want group based access rights, you can do that in subdirectories.

 

ssh tunnel

ssh -L 1234:192.168.100.2:80 remotehost

And then connect to localhost:1234

 


FAQ

Server side

key type ssh-rsa not in PubkeyAcceptedAlgorithms

PubkeyAcceptedKeyTypes +ssh-rsa


ssh multiplexing

https://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/linux-unix-reuse-openssh-connection

remember key passphrase

ssh-agent bash
ssh-add ~/.ssh/id_rsa

root access from single host

Match Address 192.168.1.100
       PermitRootLogin yes

multihop tunnel

ssh -A -t -l user jump-host \
-L 8080:localhost:8080 \
ssh -A -t -l user webserver.dmz \
-L 8080:localhost:8080

OR in .ssh/config define

Host targethost
ProxyCommand ssh jumphost -W %h:%p

and then just

ssh -L 1234:<LAN address>:<port> targethost

SSH tunnel with putty

https://www.skyverge.com/blog/how-to-set-up-an-ssh-tunnel-with-putty/

Failed publickey

  • acccess rights?

14: No supported authentication methods available [preauth]

Putty not configured to look at correct private key?

 


bind Cannot assign requested address

Maybe try ssh -4

Unable to negotiate with 192.168.100.4 port 22: no matching cipher found.

passing old cipher, like -o arcfour??

no matching host key type found

if that comes after 'rsa' try

PubkeyAcceptedKeyTypes=+ssh-rsa

in .ssh/config

rsync only as root

scp: no matching key exchange method found.

scp seems to ignore .ssh/config, so use

scp -o Ciphers=xxx

 

kex_exchange_identification: read: Connection reset by peer

only way to find out about that is look on server

Reverse tunnel with autossh

  1. https://superuser.com/questions/37738/how-to-reliably-keep-an-ssh-tunnel-open
autossh -M 0 -o "ServerAliveInterval 30" -o "ServerAliveCountMax 3" -fgNR :10023:localhost:22 the.server

And in the.server:/etc/ssh/sshd_config

GatewayPorts clientspecified

to allow connecting to 10023 from outside

As systemd service: In /etc/systemd/system/sshtunnel.service

[Unit]
Description=SSH Tunnel
After=network.target
[Service]
Restart=always
RestartSec=20
User=root
ExecStart=/bin/ssh -o ServerAliveInterval=30 -o ServerAliveCountMax=6 -gNR :10023:localhost:22 user@ssh.example.com
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

The RSA host key for host has changed

If you're migrating to a new server: copy /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key* to the new server


ssh require both key and user password

In sshd_config
 AuthenticationMethods "publickey,password"
# do not just set to no!
#PasswordAuthentication yes

add your key to remote authorized_keys

ssh-copy-id remotehost

or, if not installed:

cat ~/.ssh/rsa_pub.id | ssh remotehost "cat >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys"

Show key fingerprint

ssh-keygen -lf /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key.pub


SSH Client side

no matching key exchange method found. Their offer: diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha1,diffie-hellman-group14-sha1,diffie-hellman-group1-sha1

kex_exchange_identification: banner line contains invalid characters

Sure you're talking to an ssh service?