Proxmox

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Contents

Links

 

 

Documentation

Directory structure

/etc/pve

/var/lib/vz

/var/lib/vz/template/iso

 

 

 

 

Proxmox cluster

Cluster manager

pvecm status
pvecm nodes

 

HA status

ha-manager status

Monitoring proxmox with zabbix

https://github.com/takala-jp/zabbix-proxmox

FAQ

Proxmox API call failed: Couldn't authenticate user: zabbix@pve

Funky characters in password string?

 

 

 

 






FAQ

Clustering

Show cluster status

pvecm status

 

https://blog.jenningsga.com/proxmox-keeping-quorum-with-qdevices/

https://pve.proxmox.com/pve-docs/chapter-pvecm.html#_corosync_external_vote_support

corosync-qdevice[11695]: Can't read quorum.device.model cmap key

On the qdevice node

Check corosync-cmapctl ?

also see https://pve.proxmox.com/pve-docs/chapter-pvecm.html#_corosync_external_vote_support

"Quorum: 2 Activity blocked"

In my case this meant boot up second real node first

 

 

On working node:

corosync-cmapctl | grep quorum.device
quorum.device.model (str) = net
quorum.device.net.algorithm (str) = ffsplit
quorum.device.net.host (str) = 192.168.178.2
quorum.device.net.tls (str) = on
quorum.device.votes (u32) = 1

https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/corosync-qdevice/+bug/1733889

 

 

 

 

Shutting down a node

Should just work. Takes guests down with it when they're not in HA

Cores, sockets and vCPUs

vCPUs is what the vm uses, equals sockets*cores

 

Check if qemu agent is running

See if IP is shown under Summary, also

qm agent 105 ping

Stop all proxmox services

systemctl stop pve-cluster systemctl stop pvedaemon systemctl stop pveproxy systemctl stop pvestatd

 

switch to community repository

cat /etc/apt/sources.list.d/pve-enterprise.list 
#deb https://enterprise.proxmox.com/debian/pve buster pve-enterprise
echo "deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve buster pve-no-subscription" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/pve-no-subscription.list 
apt update

W: (pve-apt-hook) You are attempting to remove the meta-package 'proxmox-ve'!

cehck sources.list :)

 

 




Backups

proxmox-backup-client

export PBS_REPOSITORY="backup@pbs@pbs-server:backuprepo"
proxmox-backup-client snapshot list
proxmox-backup-client prune vm/101 --dry-run --keep-daily 7 --keep-weekly 3
proxmox-backup-client garbage-collect

dirty-bitmap status: existing bitmap was invalid and has been cleared

 

unexpected property 'prune-backups' (500)

When for example Add: iSCSI Uncheck "Keep all backups" in "Backup retention"

 

FAILED 00:00:02 unable to activate storage

TODO

 

VM 101 Backup failed: VM is locked (snapshot)

Check if there's no snapshot running (how?)

qm unlock 101

can't acquire lock '/var/run/vzdump.lock' - got timeout

Check if vzdump is running, otherwise kill it (cluster?)

 

VM 101 Backup failed::= VM is locked (snapshot-delete)

Check /etc/pve/qemu-server/101.conf for 'snapstate'

If that says 'delete' for a snapshot try deleting the snapshot:

qm delsnapshot 101 snapname

If that throws like Failed to find logical volume 'pve/snap_vm-101-disk-0_saving'

 qm delsnapshot 101 snapname --force

to get it out of 101.conf

Error: VM quit/powerdown failed - got timeout

qm stop VMID

if that complains about lock, remove the lock and try again

 

a used vhost backend has no free memory slots left

You have not turned on protection against thin pools running out of space.

serial console from command line

qm terminal <id}

enable serial console in guest

looks like this is not needed:

systemctl enable serial-getty@ttyS0.service

in /etc/default/grub

GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="console=ttyS0 console=tty0"

ttyS0 is for qm terminal, tty0 is for the "console" buttion in UI

  1. debian based

update-grub

  1. redhat based

grub2-mkconfig --output=/boot/grub2/grub.cfg

 

add

serial0: socket

to /etc/pve/qemu-server/[vmid].conf and restart

 

agetty: /dev/ttyS0: not a device

systemctl status useless again, means the serial bit is missing from <vmid>.conf

TASK ERROR: command 'apt-get update' failed: exit code 100

subtle way of telling you to get subscription of at least change the sources list

Import vmdk to lvm

https://pve.proxmox.com/wiki/Qemu/KVM_Virtual_Machines#_importing_virtual_machines_and_disk_images

Can't apply changes to memory allocation

Maybe try enabling NUMA in CPU settings

 

 

Adding hardware shows orange

something is not supported (Options->Hotplug)

"Connection error 401: no ticket"

Login session expired?

can't lock file '/var/lock/qemu-server/lock-102.conf' - got timeout (500)

Maybe someone else has/had webui open

== TASK ERROR: Can't use string ("keep-all=0,keep-last=3") as a HASH ref while "strict refs" in use at /usr/share/perl5/PVE/VZDump.pm line 502. ==

Classic, means incorrect syntax in your /etc/pve/storage.cfg

 

The current guest configuration does not support taking new snapshots

You're using raw instead of qcow2. Convert: Hardware->Hard disk "Move Disk"

 

WARNING: Device /dev/dm-21 not initialized in udev database even after waiting 10000000 microseconds.

Until someone fixes it:

udevadm trigger

"connection error - server offline?"

Try reconnection browser

 

Find vm name by id

grep name /etc/pve/nodes/*/qemu-server/101.conf |head -n 1
      

 

Started Proxmox VE replication runner.

??

Find ID by name

grep -l "name: <NAME>"  /etc/pve/nodes/*/qemu-server/*conf| sed 's/^.*\/\([0-9]*\)\.conf/\1/g'
      

 

Can't migrate VM with local CD/DVD

Remove the CD :)