Linux

From DWIKI
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Linux is a free Unix-type operating system originally created by Linus Torvalds with the assistance of developers around the world. Developed under the GNU General Public License , the source code for Linux is freely available to everyone.


Links

 

Rescue CDs

 

Checking resources

*inxi
*http://www.slashroot.in/linux-system-io-monitoring

show what is doing most disk accesses

iotop 
glances

IO statistics

iostat
vmstat
dstat
ioping
atop

CPU usage etc

top
atop
htop
vtop
fio
pidstat

Administration

 



FAQ

check if interface exists

/sys/class/net/$IF

check if virtual of physicalmachine

dmidecode -s system-manufacturer
virt-who

 

Find bios version

dmidecode -s bios-version

watch which files a process opens

watch ls -l /proc/`pidof clamd`/fd

pam_succeed_if(sudo:auth): requirement "uid >= 1000" not met

Grow (GPT) last partition to max available

Where '3' is partition number

parted /dev/sdf resize 3 100%

No longer allowed?

gdisk

timestamp to human readable

date -d @1522142497

List hardware

  • lshw
  • dmidecode
  • lsusb
  • hwinfo
  • lspci
dmidecode -t baseboard

BLKRRPART: Device or resource busy

spend all day or reboot

 

calling ioclt to re-read partition table: Device or resource busy

rescan partition table

Keep an eye on

cat /proc/partitions

Partition(s) have been written, but we have been unable to inform the kernel of the change

partprobe
kpartx /dev/sdg
partx -uv /dev/sdg (this one worked on centos 7.3!)
echo 1 > /sys/block/sde/device/rescan

Only one that seemed to work on (centos7.x)

echo "- - -" > /sys/class/scsi_host/host2/scan

The winner so far:

blockdev --rereadpt /dev/sdg

maybe

hdparm -z /dev/sdg

Force reboot

I found sometimes 'reboot' and 'shutdown' don't work in virtual machines, in that case try:

#sync
echo s > /proc/sysrq-trigger
#optionally umount
echo u > /proc/sysrq-trigger
#reboot
echo b > /proc/sysrq-trigger

Mignight commander/dialog strange characters

Quick fix:

export LANG=en_US.ISO-8859-1

This probleem seems to be related to screen/su -

kpartx failing silently

No output/result when trying to create:

kpartx -lv /dev/mapper/foo

this might means the device hasn't been partitioned

No output when trying to delete:

kpartx -d /dev/mapper/foop1

means you should use

kpartx -d /dev/mapper/foo

 

 

 

Create swapfile

fallocate -l 4G /var/swapfile
mkswap /var/swapfile

Temporary:

swapon -v /var/swapfile

In fstab: /var/swapfile swap swap sw,prio=-1

swapon failed: Invalid argument

problably trying to use fallocate on rhel/centos, use dd instead

partx: error adding partition

try kpartx instead